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Green Jobs Programme for Asia and the Pacific

The ILO initiated the Green Jobs Global Programme in 2009 to promote opportunity, equity and a just transition to a green economy and inclusive growth for the world of work. The Programme encourages governments, employers and workers to collaborate on generating coherent and effective programmes that will lead to decent work for all in a greener economy.


The Green Jobs Programme for Asia and the Pacific started with two pilot countries. It has expanded to 11 – Bangladesh, China, Fiji, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand – and is now moving on to include other countries interested in greening such as Pakistan.

The main objectives of the Programme are to:

- enhance the capacity of ILO constituents to take part in dialogue on green jobs at local, regional and national levels by giving them access to quality data and information;

- influence national policies and so contribute to an inclusive growth model that is job-centred, environmentally sustainable, and that promotes decent work; and

- promote gender sensitive opportunities for green jobs by supporting demonstration activities and national programmes.

Strategies and areas of work

The programme is implemented through technical cooperation projects supported by the Australian Government-ILO Partnership Agreement (2010–12), and currently by ILO/Japan Multi-bilateral programme, the ILO/Korea Partnership Programme, as well as the Government of Malaysia.

Since the establishment of the Green Jobs Programme for Asia and the Pacific in 2009, it has worked in a wide range of areas covering:

  • Policy development and research

-       strengthening the capacity of the Asia-Pacific region to support the development of coherent and integrated policies and programmes on green jobs; and

-       support to lead countries in developing employment models for replication, consolidating national experiences and generating evidence-based analysis for informed policy discussions and decisions.

  • Capacity building and programme development

-       strengthening the capacity of the region to support the development and implementation of projects and programmes with green jobs as critical elements for poverty reduction and sustainable development; and

-       support to pilot testing and roll out of inter alia green entrepreneurship, greening of enterprises, skills for green jobs development, access to clean and renewable energyenergy efficiency, sustainable tourism, waste management (including e-waste), climate change adaptation and resilience building, crisis/disaster response, REDD+, with focus on the vulnerable, women and youth.

  • Knowledge sharing and cooperation

-       strengthening of a knowledge network for a more effective interaction and diffusion of information within the ILO and among its constituents –  government, workers and employers organizations.

Gains so far: Developed and tested models

  • Green Jobs Mapping and Assessments

An innovative methodology has been developed in collaboration with GHK Consultants facilitating better understanding of the linkages between employment, environment and the economy (pilot tested in Bangladesh in 2010).

It has been conducted in four other countries from 2010 to 2012: India (Gujarat State), Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines, and since 2013, in Mongolia under the UNEP-ILO-UNIDO-UNITAR Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE).

Phase 2, analytical research using green Dynamic Social Accounting Matrix (DySAM), is now being undertaken in Indonesia and Malaysia.

  • Some developed and tested models

Sector-based Green Jobs employment models in green sectors:

-       green jobs employment model in renewable energy sector, Solar Homes Systems, Bangladesh

-       green jobs employment model in sustainable tourism (Eco-tourism), Indonesia

-       green jobs employment model in waste recycling, Sri Lanka

-       green jobs employment model in green socialized housing, Philippines

-       green jobs employment model on Biogas in the Dairy Sector, India

Green Entrepreneurship Development:

-       Green Business Options (GBO) training programme, China

-       Start Your Green Business (SYGB) training system, Indonesia

Greening of Enterprise:

-       Greener Business Asia enterprise improvement template, Thailand and Philippines

Poverty reduction and building climate resilient farming communities:

-       Climate Change Adaptation Project – Integrated Financial Package with Weather Index-based Insurance (WIBI), Philippines

-       Value Chains Development for Fisheries and Rubber – Green Livelihood Access through Inclusive Environmental Response to Climate Change (REDD+, GLACIER), Indonesia

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A renewed mandate: 102nd International Labour Conference (ILC)


“The role that the ILO will be called upon to play in the transition to a low-carbon sustainable development path is the single factor that will most clearly distinguish the Organization’s second century of activity from its first. That means that the Green Initiative will need to be at the heart of what we do and in all areas of ILO activity with the post-2015 agenda very much in mind here as well.”

Mr Guy Ryder, ILO Director-General, concluding remarks at the 102nd session of the ILC Geneva, June 2013.

Asia-Pacific Green Jobs Programme on-going initiatives as of April 2014


Policy development and research

Expansion of green DySAM for analysis and simulation, Indonesia

Green Jobs Malaysia project, Malaysia

Support to Green Jobs Mapping and PAGE activities, Mongolia

Support to national Road Maps for Green Jobs, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Philippines

Support to green jobs mainstreaming in Decent Work Country Programmes

Capacity building and programme development

Just transition and progressive formalization of informal e-waste sector workers through green jobs, China

GBO, China

Pilot Project on Skills for Green Jobs in Building Energy Efficiency Sector, China

IGEP, Indonesia

Green Jobs Malaysia Project – Piloting of Skills Standards in Selected Occupations, Malaysia

GBA, Thailand and Philippines

Knowledge sharing and cooperation

Community of Practice for Green Jobs in Asia-Pacific

Publications of Green Jobs technical briefs, research results and reports

Cooperation with UN agencies for national, regional and global activities