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Meeting Summary: ILO Asia-Pacific Green Jobs Network e-Discussion

15th e-Discussion and Knowledge sharing, Wednesday 27 October 2021.

1. Welcome by Dr Cristina Martinez – ILO

2. In Focus:

(i): Update on CA4JI International Advisory Board meeting, Dr Cristina Martinez
- Minister of Labour of Samoa co-chaired the meeting. Most countries of the coalition (48) have stepped up resource mobilization. More countries are to be engaged.
- Two countries have joined from Asia-Pacific: Indonesia and Samoa. Launch for Asia-Pacific is being planned in Samoa (with all ministers of Labour from the Pacific around the table to exchange on combined AP efforts, but also including Indonesia and other Asian countries). The Samoa Minister of Labour is committed to host the launch. Specific date to be determined after consultation with participant countries (Indonesia and Samoa).
- Summary of the Board meeting is attached.
(ii) ILO's participation at COP26 (update on Pacific Resilience Hub JT events and other Asia-Pacific events)
Dr Cristina Martinez

- Countries will send small delegations to Glasgow. Logistics are expensive and limited rooms are available. Need to consider how many discussions we can have to influence the negotiations, for ILO to push for Just Transition (JT), Decent Work (DW) and Green Jobs (GJ).

- November 3, 10.00-11.15 CET "COP26 informal working group meeting on Just Transition and Decent Work" (hosted by the ILO). The working group (WG) on DW and JT was initiated by ILO at CoP 23, and meeting in every CoP afterwards. Key points from this group were transmitted to the Pacific Dialogue event.

- November 4, 12:30 Samoa/ 00:30 CET, Pacific Regional Resilience Hub – COP26 side event, "Invitation to a Pacific Dialogue: Just Transition in the Pacific and Climate Action for Jobs" (hosted by the ILO and the Government of Samoa). Samoa Minister of Labour opened the event and countries discussed how JT can be achieved in Pacific and how much has already been done. The event recording can be accessed here. Key points transmitted to COP26 Climate Champions are attached.

- 8 November 11-13:45 UK time, IBC on Climate Change: 1.5 degrees within reach for AP? Focus is to get Member States promote tools and opportunities to reduce GHG emission. UNEP and ESCAP are leading the coordination. ILO is part of the coalition. Register here.

- 9 November 10:00 – 11:30 Fiji Time (GMT+12): Opportunities and Challenges for a Just Transition in the Pacific event organized by ADB, with ILO contributions. More information / registration available on https://cop-resilience-hub.org/.

- 9 November 11:00 to 12:30 Fiji Time (GMT+12): Pacific Climate Change Mobility and Human Security COP26 Side Event. More information / registration available on https://cop-resilience-hub.org/.

- 11 November 11:30 – 12:45. Side event co-organized by ILO, UNU INRA, and UN ECA titled Achieving a JT toward net zero: challenges and opportunity with focus on Africa. Indonesia delegate (Pak Medril) from Bannapenas, main counterpart for PAGE Indonesia, will share experiences from Indonesia on the Just Energy Transition planning process, including the support provided by PAGE Indonesia. (Lailly/Indonesia)

(iii) IPCC Summary for Policymakers - key messages, Dr Cristina Martinez, Wasana Sittirin (PPP attached)

- Asian countries are highly impacted, with a special need for a Just Energy Transition (JET).

- Countries are divided in net zero commitments with implications for workers and enterprises. Next meeting will revisit how CoP has influenced these messages.

- IPCC report is a “code red for humanity”. The warning signal is extremely urgent, calling for accelerated action at a tipping point.

- Despite a temporary drop in GHS emissions due to COVID (e.g. travel restrictions), there is no overall reduction on the global level. In countries’ stimulus packages, green economy & environment are not prioritized. Resource mobilization for post pandemic recovery is not prioritizing environmental gains or JT. COVID spending needs to be aligned with Paris Agreement and SDGs.

- All govt, businesses and people need to join reduction efforts. The ambitious 2030 targets need to be clear and linked to NDCs. UNDP takes the lead in monitoring and encouraging NDCs. ILO needs to participate and support countries in including JT plans as part of the NDCs.

- It’s critical to stop building new coal or coal powered plants. ILO, ESCAP, UNFCCC calls for no new coal plants after 2021. CoP will also push for no new plants from now on and coal phase out by 2030 for OECD, and by 2040 for other countries. Negotiations during CoP will be intense. No agreement has been reached yet, considering countries at different stages of development. Next meeting of the network may report from CoP with focus on this issue.

- UK, German, Dutch govt are pushing hard for coal phase out.

- Stopping subsidies for fossil fueled plants and substituting fossil fuels are also key issues to be negotiated at CoP.

- Climate impacts the poorest hardest. There is the need to understand why developed countries have a different line of negotiation than developing countries.

- Economic loss/ loss of GDP (GDP small on average) due to extreme weather/ climate events is significant for Pacific islands. Poverty reduction is expected to decrease due to climate impact.

- The role of UN/ILO in addressing the combination of climate and socio-economic challenges is critical.

- There is a need to put financing climate adaptation and jobs together. At least 50% of climate finance should go to climate adaptation and resilience. Former focus was primarily on emissions reductions. The division between adaptation and emission reduction is not as clear as before but intersecting issues. The link needs to be counted and financed, and integrated into the NDCs.

- The private sector plays a huge role in driving the climate and Just Transition agenda, which cannot be left to the government alone.

 

3. Tour the table updates

- The UN RCO in Manila is planning some activities in line with the conduct of COP26. One, is a virtual dialogue series to raise awareness on COP26, and to feature views on COP26 from the perspective of those most affected by, and at risk from, climate change, etc. Second, is a briefing on COP26 by UN Head of Agencies for the diplomatic community. ILO Country Director participated in the proceedings last 29 Oct 2021. (Georginia Pascual / Philippines)

- Asia-Pacific regional project just approved on Just Transition - coal phase out in South East Asia, including research in Philippines, Indonesia, and Viet Nam. The data will be used to assess the impact of Just Transition and coal phase-out on jobs and communities, and will also be used to inform an integrated project proposal covering Asian countries. (Cristina Martinez / ROAP)

- A study on market system related to GJ and Green Enterprises will start soon. The study aims to identify sectors for green industry sustainability aligned with government priority agenda. It will look at market systems, business engagement, and private investment. The study will inform ILO programming and implementation in next 4 yrs. Will share updates in early Jan. (Saif Moinul/ Bangladesh)

- UN/ILO/WB joint work on JT and sustainable growth. 2 Technical papers. Roadmap in 3 areas in next 5yr plan. Liaison of inputs at CO: Saif Moinul. Local consultant recruited. Draft CN just shared with WB. Will share with UNRC/UNCT for comments soon. Knowledge partner: Policy research institute Bangladesh. (Saif Moinul / Bangladesh)

- ROAP will provide technical support to CO on the above initiatives. RO is discussing with WB on JT. More and more development banks are focusing in the area, without being clear that workers and employers need to be part of JT. (Cristina)

- A policy assessment on energy sector is being conducted under PAGE Indonesia. A concept note/background paper has been developed and will be validated in Nov. The study will be finalized this year. (Lailly/Indonesia)

 

- Thanks to RO for providing inputs/comments to the draft National Climate Change Policy (NCCP), which has been forwarded to UNDP. Pakistan UN Sustainable Development Cooperation Framework is being developed. ILO leads on GJ, Gr transition, Gr enterprises. How can CO and RO support Pakistan in JT, incl. activities in Sunami and many other areas? More discussions to follow with CD Ingrid. (Khan Abid/Pakistan).

4. Space on Teams

- A workspace has been created on ILO Teams to share information and materials among colleagues. A specific group for AP Green Jobs Network will be created for this purpose.

5. Next GJs Network meeting

- Wed 1. Dec. Report on what happened during COP26 and the implications for Asia-Pacific region.

 

MEETING RECORDING:

https://ilo-org.zoom.us/rec/share/0rD2VF3T5WqerVH8JW2rPF3Sd1pujM4aVk4SeLVhYFhePWO9gR2_Guu5yZApL2uB.yP3v9R-1BVBzYx5d

PASSCODE: ejd4i=k+

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