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PAGE CHINA NEWS FOR THE GREEN JOBS WORKING GROUP, JULY 2021

The latest news from PAGE China, covering; events, learning and sharing opportunities, what we're reading and UN news.

EVENTS

High-level side event — Green Recoveries for a Job-Rich Future, 9 July 2021 (under High-level Political Forum 2021)

HELD ON 9 JULY, THIS GLOBAL DISCUSSION DURING THE HIGH-LEVEL POLITICAL FORUM 2021 FOCUSED ON HOW A GREEN ECONOMIC MODEL WILL CREATE A STRONG RECOVERY AND BE FOUNDATIONAL IN REACHING THE OBJECTIVES OF THE 2030 AGENDA.

Green Recoveries for a Job-Rich Future brought together leaders from the United Nations and national governments to discuss the realities of linking COVID-19 recovery with long-term sustainable development in the context of green job growth.

The conversation between the panelists (Guy Ryder, Director-General, ILO; Inger Andersen, Executive Director, UNEP; H.E. Elizabeth Thompson, Ambassador Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary, Barbados; Dr. Febrio Nathan Kacaribu, Head of Fiscal Policy Agency, Ministry of Finance, Indonesia; and Rita Schwarzelühr-Sutter, Parliamentary State Secretary, Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, Germany) broadly touched on sectoral potential, green finance and the importance of ensuring a just transition.

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Asia-Pacific Climate Week 2021

The APCW 2021 Virtual Thematic Sessions took the pulse of climate action in the region, explored climate challenges and opportunities, and showcased ambitious solutions. These sessions focused on priorities identified earlier in the year at the Virtual Regional Roundtables and the outcomes will be carried forward to the Ministerial Sessions later this year. This is an opportunity for regional stakeholders to have their voice heard and contribute to COP 26.

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Report Launch: Regional Study on Green Jobs Policy Readiness in ASEAN, 9 July 2021 (under Asia-Pacific Climate Week 2021)

The 2018 ASEAN Declaration On Promoting Green Jobs For Equity And Inclusive Growth Of ASEAN Community marks a significant step for ASEAN promoting Green jobs as a high priority and actively promoting green employment in clean energy, energy efficiency and green buildings and urban planning, as well as developing policy to support sustainable production and consumption systems such as circular economy. However, each ASEAN Member State Is working at a different pace, and with a differing focus. The consequence is that gaps exist in knowledge and data sources for green jobs at the ASEAN level. The ILO and ASEAN, under the leadership of Malaysia, worked together to address this challenge by conducting a study to assess policy readiness for promoting green jobs and a just transition across AMS. This event, co-organised with Malaysia and ASEC, officially launched the ILO-ASEAN report Regional Study on Green Jobs Policy Readiness in ASEAN and provided an opportunity to discuss the key findings and implications of the report for ASEAN Member States.

LEARNING AND SHARING OPPORTUNITIES

Learning and Skills Development for a Green Recovery: Promoting Low-Carbon Development towards Green Economy in Indonesia, 23 June 2021

The event was framed around the findings of the Green Economy Learning Assessment (GELA) conducted in Indonesia last year, which identified gaps and entry points for scaling green economy learning in the country. Led by UNDP, with support from UNITAR, ILO and in partnership with BAPPENAS (the Ministry of National Development Planning), the webinar was attended by over 400 participants across Zoom and YouTube from a mix of government officials from various ministries, sub-national governments, the private sector, universities (from the Western, Central, and Eastern parts of Indonesia), civil society, development partners, and workers associations.

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Green Entrepreneurship and Decent Jobs for Youth in Mongolia, 25 June 2021

Under the aegis of the Global Initiative on Decent Jobs for Youth, the Government of Mongolia and the International Labour Organization (ILO) organized the webinar in collaboration with the Young Entrepreneurs Council (YEC) of Mongolia to facilitate knowledge sharing among policymakers, practitioners and experts working towards the promotion of youth employment in Mongolia.

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WHAT WE'RE READING

Renewables a major part in power generation by 2025

2021-07-27 Source: China Daily

Renewable power generation capacity in China is expected to continue climbing in the next decade, with installed renewable energy, including wind, solar and hydro power, to account for more than half of the country's total generation capacity by 2025, a recent report said.

"The construction of new coal-fired power plants is likely to stop during the 14th Five-Year Plan period (2021-25) and it will be the beginning of a gradual reduction in coal plants' capacity," said Joseph Jacobelli, an energy analyst and senior adviser for Asia at Cenfura Ltd, a smart energy services company. "Solar, onshore and offshore wind capacity additions will sharply accelerate and a great acceleration in energy storage-with a particular focus on cost reductions of existing solutions and more research and development on newer storage technologies-is also expected," he said.

China Electric Power Planning and Engineering Institute estimates coal consumption in China to be reduced to 51 percent by 2025, suggesting the government should continue to regulate the total energy consumption and intensity in the country while stepping up domestic oil and gas exploration and exploitation to ensure national energy security.

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Central bank encourages carbon market participation

2021-07-24 Source: China Daily

China's central bank is encouraging financial institutions to participate in the newly-established national carbon market, which will develop more derivatives for trading to achieve the country's carbon neutrality goal, a senior official said. The central bank is working to set new policy tools that can promote carbon emission reduction, improving incentive policies and window guidance that can encourage financial institutions to strengthen support for key areas, such as wind power and photovoltaic power generation. More fiscal policies can be adopted to support green finance, including subsidies, discounts, tax cuts and tax exemptions. The central bank plans to guide long-term investment funds, including pension funds, insurance and social security products, to invest in the ESG markets, and to expand funding resources of the green bond market, according to the PBOC deputy governor.

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Emissions-trading program vital for China's green goals

2021-07-16 Source: Xinhua

China's long-awaited national carbon market started online trading Friday, demonstrating the country's unswerving commitment and concrete actions to honor its carbon-reduction pledge. China has vowed to peak its carbon dioxide emissions by 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. The latest trading scheme serves as a vital policy tool to achieve the country's green goals. The landmark move of using market-based mechanisms to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is an epitome of a country taking definitive nationwide actions to fight global climate change proactively.

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Moving the Agenda forward

2021-07-16 Source: China Daily

The United Nations High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development is the main platform to follow up and review global implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. China presented its first Voluntary National Review report on its implementation of the 2030 Agenda at the 2016 forum. It released its second review report on July 14 at this year's forum, presenting a systematic review of China's major progress and experience in key areas.

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China goes full throttle on green energy transition to achieve carbon neutrality

2021-07-12 Source: Xinhua

A global forum on ecological civilization, Eco Forum Global Guiyang 2021, opened in Guiyang, capital of southwest China's Guizhou Province. It is tipped to evolve into a global campaign aimed at dramatically reducing the world's carbon footprint.

China is the world's largest producer and consumer of energy, with fossil fuels making up about 85 percent of the energy structure. China has vowed to attain carbon dioxide emissions peak before 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality before 2060. The country is going full throttle to develop new energy resources and increase their proportion in primary energy consumption nationwide, which are expected to lighten the burden on the environment and ecosystems and provide practical solutions to mitigating soil, surface water and air pollutions. During the 14th Five-Year Plan period (2021-2025), as the country strives for low-carbon transition, relevant eco-friendly industries in fields such as clean energy are to cash in the bonanza.

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China walks the talk in pursuing green future

2021-07-11 Source: Xinhua

China recently announced that it has completed drawing ecological protection "red lines" nationwide, which demarcate no less than 25 percent of its land area for environmental protection. The designated protection area covers major environmentally functional zones, ecologically sensitive and vulnerable regions, and vital regions for biodiversity. As one of China's institutional innovations for ecological conservation, a national guideline introduced the strategy in 2017 to foster an ecological civilization. As defined by the guideline, a protection red line zone refers to an area with crucial ecological functions and must be strictly protected. The red lines are "bottom lines and lifelines" for ensuring China's ecological security, the guideline stresses.

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China boosts green finance in pursuit of carbon neutrality

2021-07-02 Source: Xinhua

A green finance evaluation scheme for financial institutions and an updated green bond projects catalogue have come into effect as part of China's latest efforts to facilitate its goal of carbon neutrality. The People's Bank of China, the country's central bank, will conduct a quarterly evaluation on financial institutions' green finance business and implement incentives and constraints based on the evaluation results.

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EU's landmark climate law enters into force

2021-06-30 Source: Xinhua

The European Union (EU) has its landmark climate law entering into force on Wednesday as the Minister of Environment and Climate Action of Portugal Joao Pedro Matos Fernandes signed the text. The signing ceremony coincided with the conclusion of the Portuguese six-month presidency of the Council of the EU. Slovenia will take over the rotating presidency on Thursday. The climate law, adopted by the EU member states on Monday, makes the bloc's ambitious target of becoming climate neutral by 2050 legally binding. It also requires cutting of net emission by at least 55 percent by 2030 compared with the 1990 level.

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China, EU businesses launch initiative to support carbon-neutrality commitments

2021-07-09 Source: People’s Daily

Representatives from the business sector launched an initiative to support the commitments of China and the European Union (EU) to green and sustainable development. The Green Action Initiative was presented at an online forum called China-EU Green Economic Cooperation and Development Summit. The summit "stands united in supporting China and the EU to timely achieve their domestic goals, also in view that their action and cooperation on these matters will benefit the international community," read the initiative. "The participants to the Summit aim to contribute and to reach climate neutrality within the foreseen deadlines," it added.

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Clean energy accounts for half of China's installed capacity

2021-07-08 Source: People’s Daily

China's installed clean energy power generation capacity increased to 1.08 billion kW by the end of 2020, accounting for nearly half of the country's total installed power generation capacity, according to the People's Daily. A report on national renewable energy power development was recently released by the National Energy Administration, noting that China's actual consumption of electricity from renewable sources was more than 2.16 trillion kWh in 2020, accounting for 28.8 percent of its total electricity consumption and up 1.3 percentage points year on year.

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Indonesia optimistic of reaching net zero emissions by 2060 or earlier

2021-07-27 Source: Reuters

The Coordinating Minister for Maritime and Investment Affairs of Republic Indonesia, Luhut Pandjaitan, stated that Indonesia is optimistic of reaching a net zero emissions target by 2060 or sooner after the government submitted updated nationally determined climate goals to the United Nations. To achieve the target, government plan to implement various strategies one of them within the energy sector in which it is planned to stop using coal, oil and gas by 2060 and aims to have 85% of its energy needs from renewable sources and the rest from nuclear energy.

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Indonesia needs IDR 4,520 Trillion to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emission

2021-07-28 Source: Tempo

Indonesian Ministry of Finance, Sri Mulyani, said Indonesia needed Rp4,520 trillion to achieve its target of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2030. The figure was based on the estimated contribution set in the reworked Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) pledge. To support the program, the government has developed budget tagging within the state budget system which allow the budget to transparently describe the portion of Indonesia's spending on climate change control, which was 4.1 percent by far.

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Thailand to replace coal-fired plants with gas-fired complex

2021-07-27 Source: OUT-LAW NEWS

Thailand’s state-owned Electricity Generating Authority (EGAT) will now no longer build two proposed coal-fired power plants and will instead build a Bt34 billion ($1.03bn) gas-fired complex. The gas-fired complex includes two 700 megawatts (MW) plants which will be in Phunphin, Surat Thani, southern Thailand. The two plants will be operational in 2027 and 2029 respectively. The coal plants were to have a combined capacity of over 3 gigawatts (GW).

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Novo Nordisk Thailand” buys Renewable Energy from EGAT

2021-07-06 Source: BANGKOK Post

Novo Nordisk Thailand has purchased renewable energy production credits from Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT) to advance its global zero environmental impact policy. Mr. John Dawber, Vice President and General Manager of Novo Nordisk Pharma (Thailand) Ltd, received a renewable energy certificate from Mr. Prasertsak Cherngchawano, EGAT’s Deputy Governor for power plant development and renewable energy. The electricity Novo Nordisk Thailand bought is generated from the Srinagarind Hydropower Plant in Kanchanaburi Province.

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UN NEWS

UN climate science talks open amid heatwaves, floods and drought

2021-07-26 Source: UN News/ Climate and Environment

Negotiations began on Monday to approve a UN science report which will anchor high level summits later this year, charged with boosting climate action worldwide. The assessment comes as record-breaking heat waves, devasting floods and drought struck across three continents in recent weeks. “This report has been prepared in exceptional circumstances, and this is an unprecedented IPCC approval session,” Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Chair, Hoesung Lee, told the opening session of the meeting.

The report, Climate Change 2021: the Physical Science Basis, by IPCC Working Group I brings together the latest advances in climate science and multiple lines of evidence to provide an up-to-date physical understanding of the climate system and climate change.

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No pathway to reach the Paris Agreement’s 1.5˚C goal without the G20: UN chief

2021-07-25 Source: UN News/ Climate and Environment

“The world urgently needs a clear and unambiguous commitment to the 1.5 degree goal of the Paris Agreement from all G20 nations”, António Guterres said on Sunday after the Group failed to agree on the wording of key climate change commitments during their recent Ministerial Meeting on Environment, Climate and Energy. There is no pathway to this goal without the leadership of the G20. This signal is desperately needed by the billions of people already on the frontlines of the climate crisis and by markets, investors and industry who require certainty that a net zero climate resilient future is inevitable”, the Secretary General urged in a statement. The UN chief reminded that science indicates that to meet that ‘ambitious, yet achievable goal’, the world must achieve carbon neutrality before 2050 and cut dangerous greenhouse gas emissions by 45% by 2030 from 2010 levels. “But we are way off track”, he warned.

With less than 100 days left before the 2021 United Nations Climate Conference COP 26, a pivotal meeting that will be held in Glasgow at the end of October, António Guterres urged all G20 and other leaders to commit to net zero by mid-century, present more ambitious 2030 national climate plans and deliver on concrete policies and actions aligned with a net zero future. These include no new coal after 2021, phasing out fossil fuel subsidies and agreeing to a minimum international carbon pricing floor as proposed by the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

 

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EU urged to consider impact of new climate mechanism on developing countries

2021-07-14 Source: UN News/ Climate and Environment

Although a new European Union (EU) climate initiative unveiled on Wednesday could change global trade patterns to favour countries where production is relatively carbon efficient, its value in mitigating climate change will likely be limited, the UN trade and development agency, UNCTAD, has warned.

The Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) comes into force in 2023 as part of new measures to cut carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, including taxes on imports such as oil, coal and gas. In tandem with the EU announcement, UNCTAD has published a report examining the potential implications for countries both within and outside the regional bloc.

“Climate and environmental considerations are at the forefront of policy concerns, and trade cannot be the exception. CBAM is one of these options, but its impact on developing countries also needs to be considered,” said Isabelle Durant, the UNCTAD Acting Secretary-General.

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UN body unveils new plan to end ecological destruction, ‘preserve and protect nature’

2021-07-13 Source: UN News/ Climate and Environment

The UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Secretariat on Monday, released a new Global Framework for Managing Nature Through 2030; an evolving plan which provides a Paris-style UN agreement on biodiversity loss, to guide actions worldwide that “preserve and protect nature and its essential services to people”. More than two years in development, this latest draft will be tweaked during online consultations among Governments later this summer before being presented for final text negotiation at a key summit of the CBD’s meeting of its 196 parties in the Chinese city of Kunming.

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Time running out for countries on climate crisis front line

2021-07-08 Source: UN News/ Climate and Environment

The world’s running out of time to limit global temperature rise to below two degrees Celsius, a matter of life or death for climate vulnerable countries on the front line of the crisis, the UN Secretary General reiterated. Speaking to the first Climate Vulnerable Finance Summit of 48 nations systemically exposed to climate related disasters, António Guterres said they needed reassurance that financial and technical support will be forthcoming.

The UN chief highlighted that only 21% of the climate finance goes towards adaptation and resilience, and there should be a balanced allocation for both adaptation and mitigation. Current adaptation costs for developing countries are $70 billion dollars a year, and this could rise to as much as $300 billion dollars a year by 2030, he warned. “I am calling for 50 percent of climate finance globally from developed countries and multilateral development banks to be allocated to adaptation and resilience in developing countries. And we must make access to climate finance easier and faster”.

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Global Call to Action for a human-centred COVID-19 recovery

2021-07-23 Source: ILO

Government, worker and employer representatives at the 109th session of the International Labour Conference unanimously adopted a Global Call to Action that sets out the world of work response to the COVID-19 crisis and recommendations on how to build a human-centred future of work.

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ILO welcomes BRICS Ministers' support for human-centred recovery from COVID-19

2021-07-15 Source: ILO

The Director-General of the International Labour Organization (ILO), Guy Ryder, has welcomed the endorsement by the Labour and Employment Ministers (LEMM) of the BRICS countries – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – of the ILO's Global Call to Action for a human-centred recovery from the COVID-19 crisis, adopted by June’s International Labour Conference.

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G20 ministers recommit to human-centred roadmap out of crisis

2021-06-23 Source: ILO

The International Labour Organization (ILO) has welcomed the re-commitment by the G20 group of nations to a coherent and human-centred approach to recovery from the COVID-19 crisis that leads to greater social justice and decent work for all. The Declaration issued at the conclusion of the G20 Labour and Employment Ministerial Meeting in Italy echoes the ILO Global Call to Action for a Human-Centred Recovery, adopted by delegates at the June session of the 2021 International Labour Conference.

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More information on PAGE China News for Green Jobs Working Group:

Pei Hongye
pei@iloguest.org

Cristina Martinez
martinezc@ilo.org

Zhang Xubiao
zhangxubiao@ilo.org

Source: https://www.un-page.org/

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