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Brazil Low-carbon Country Case Study

— sector: Energy efficiency, Renewable energy
— theme: Environment and climate
— country: Other Regions
— type: Reports

World Bank - 2011. The Brazil Low Carbon Study aims to support Brazil’s continued efforts to foster development while reducing GHG emissions. The World Bank Group has always been committed to supporting growth in developing countries, and in October 2008, it adopted a Strategic Framework on Climate Change and Development (SFCCD) to integrate climate change into the development agenda without compromising growth and poverty reduction efforts. Within the context of the SFCCD, the World Bank has undertaken a series of initiatives to support climate change mitigation within country-led development processes. One of these initiatives has been to coordinate several low-carbon growth studies through close interactions with its longstanding partners. This study is the result of that initiative.

Brazil Low-carbon Country Case Study

Cover

Author/Editor
Christophe de Gouvello | The World Bank
Publishing Year
2011

Excerpt from foreword

"In order to mitigate the impacts of climate change, the world must drastically reduce global GHG emissions in the coming decades. According to the IPCC, to prevent the global mean temperature from rising over 3oC, atmospheric GHG concentrations must be stabilized at 550 ppm. By 2030, this will require countries to reduce annual global emissions from 60 GtCO2e to less than 30 GtCO2e. At the same time, industrialized countries’ emissions are expected to stabilize around 22 GtCO2e per year, with the rest of the world responsible for the remaining 38 GtCO2e. Therefore, it is clear that developed countries alone cannot sufficiently reduce their emissions to stabilize global GHG concentrations. It will be necessary for emerging economies to shift toward a low carbon development path in to reduce global GHG concentrations on the required scale.


Without Brazil playing a prominent role, it is difficult to envisage an eff ective solution at the global level, given its importance in setting political agendas. To date, Brazil has lead many key domestic and international initiatives to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. First, Brazil has implemented innovative policies to reduce emissions from deforestation, land use and land use changes (LULUCF), which, until recently, accounted for around 20% of global emissions. Second, in the energy sector, Brazil has accumulated unprecedented experience in renewable energy, particularly bioenergy and, as a result, Brazil’s per capita fossil fuel-based emissions
are significantly lower than those in other countries. Third, on December 29, 2009 the Brazilian Parliament adopted a National Climate Change Policy, which includes an ambitious voluntary national GHG reduction target for 2020. Furthermore, on the  international level, Brazil has for decades been a key participant in developing agreements to tackle the climate change challenge. In June 1992, the country hosted the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, also known as the Rio Earth Summit. The Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol was also a Brazilian proposal."

 

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