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Integrating decent and green jobs into the energy sector in Pakistan

— sector: Renewable energy
— theme: Environment and climate
— country: Pakistan
— type: Project Documents

This report has been written in light of the Green Jobs Initiative by the International Labor Organization (ILO) at Islamabad to assess, analyze and promote the creation of decent and green jobs in Pakistan. One of the pivotal challenges of the 21st Century is to protect the environment for a stabilized global climate. For the last few decades, climate change has become a menacing reality rather than a remote possibility. The use of renewable energy sources is one of the measures for combating climate change. It is one of the options that have significant impact on reducing Green House Gas (GHG) emissions and is extremely important for mitigating the impacts of climate change.

ILO Country Office for Pakistan/ILO
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In this report, an in-depth analysis of Pakistan's energy sector has been made to assess opportunities to harness green, clean, and cheap electricity to address the current unprecedented energy crisis and review national priorities, policies, and plans for the development of the energy sector. The report includes a synopsis of recent climate change effects which appeared as a devastating flood; a brief assessment of the energy sector; a review of key policies and strategies for a green and cheap energy supply for more jobs to alleviate poverty along with a win-win solution for sustainable development in the country.

The significance of hydroelectricity in the green energy sector is ever recognized. Green energy or renewable energy includes natural energetic processes that could be the least polluting such as hydroelectricity, solar, wind, geo-thermal, and bio-energy. Thus, hydroelectricity as an alternative to carbon producing energy sources is once again becoming a popular idea. The existing dams and rivers producing hydroelectricity are being considered as viable sources of energy. Hydropower, which is an alternative to carbon producing energy sources, is once again gaining importance globally. This aspect is especially covered in this report as Pakistan has more than 120,000 Megawatts of potential energy and has had magnificent experience in the past, having successfully completed projects offering huge employment opportunities for skilled and unskilled labor. Therefore hydroelectricity projects have played a significant role in the economic growth of the country.

The objective of this report is to catalyze employment by identifying opportunities in the renewable energy sector and poverty alleviation within climate change mitigation for sustainable development and economic growth.

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